About Macedonia

On this page you will find general information about Macedonia. Maybe you are planning to move to Macedonia or study here in Skopje or just because you want to travel to this amazing Balkan country.

The basics

Official Languages: Macedonian
Other Languages: Turkish, Serbian, Albanian and Roma
Area: 25,713 square kilometers
Capitol: Skopje
National Animal: Lynk or Lion Sarplaninec
National Tree: Macedonian Pine
Independence: Gained independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 


Macedonia is home to 2 million people. Around 64% of the total population consists of ethnic Macedonians. The main minority groups are: Albanians, Turks, Romani, Serbs and Bosniaks.


Macedonia’s official currency is the Macedonian denar (currency code MKD). One Euro/USD is equal to roughly 54-61 MKD.


With a territory of 25,713 square kilometers, Macedonia is the 37th largest country in Europe. Macedonia shares its border with Serbia to the North, Kosovo to the northwest, Bulgaria to the east, Greece  to the south, and Albania to the west.


Macedonia has a Mediterranean to continental climate with four different seasons. The winters (November- March) regularly have temperatures below 0. While the summers are relatively hot with the average temperature ranging between 30 – 35 °C.

Interesting when you are planning on living in Macdonia


  • The real estate market is fairly young and just beginning to develop more, so the value you get for your dollar is good.
  • Property taxes range between .1% and .2% and is paid on business and residential buildings and non-agrarian land.
  • There is a 2%-4% real estate transfer tax for any property bought and is assessed by the market value of the home.
  • 60% of the population is urban and 40% rural.
  • One quarter of the 2.1 million person population resides in the capital Skopje.


  • The Ministry of Education has a compulsory primary and secondary education that is mandated by law in the Republic of Macedonia.
  • Ages 7 to 15 for primary school, 8 years compulsory.
  • Ages 15-19 for high school, 4 years compulsory.
  • Girls in high school and even primary school have a high dropout rate.
  • The education is free, paid for by the tax payers.
  • Only .4% of the education is private and paid for.
  • There are many International Schools mainly is Skopje.
  • The International Schools range in price from €2,200 to €5,200 and up.
  • Most of the International Schools are taught in English but you can find curriculums in other languages.
  • There is only 1 private college in Macedonia and a total of 5 private and 3 public universities.

Health Care

  • A compulsory state medical system is in place and it is mandatory.
  • The state funded healthcare system is available for free for all long-term residents and citizens.
  • Private paid for health care and insurance is also available to cover what the state system does not.
  • When an employee starts work, the employer is responsible for enrolling the person in the State Health Insurance Plan (HIF)
  • HIF covers 80% of the cost for prescription drugs as a reimbursement.
  • Citizens are able to register with the doctor of their choice that is contracted with the HIF.
  • Hospitals and clinics are available in all major cities and towns.
  • Emergency rooms are open 24 hours and are free for everyone, even if you do not have the state health insurance.


  • The drivers in Macedonia can be a little crazy, so you should take caution when driving or walking. Parking on the sidewalk is considered as normal.
  • Some laws include no talking on a cellular device while driving, lights must be on at all times and seatbelts are mandatory.
  • Bus routes link towns, cities and neighboring European countries.
  • Railways connect Ljubljana, Zagreb, Belgrade, Skopje, Thessaloniki, and Athens.
  • Here is some information about importing a car to Macedonia.

Finance & Economy

  • Most banks allow people living in Macedonia to open up a bank account.
  • Ranked as the second most unemployed country in the world with an unemployed rate of around 55%
  • The breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991 deprived the Economy of the Republic of Macedonia, then its poorest republic.
  • The economy is however stabilising and tourism is becoming more popular.
  • The tax rates have dropped significantly in the last 10 years and Macedonia is known as a tax haven for Europe.
  • Individuals who are residents of Macedonia must pay a 10% personal income tax on their worldwide income.
  • Non-residents are only taxed on income that came from
  • You are considered to be a resident for tax purposes if you live in the country for more than 183 days a year or own a permanent dwelling.
  • Corporate tax rate is also 10%
  • Vat sales tax is 18%

If you have any information about Macedonia, of which you think is useful to people visiting Macedonia, please let me know and contact me 🙂